Population survey: Attitudes towards Jews and Muslims in Norway 2017. Population survey and minority study
In the period 2015-2017 the Center for Studies of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities has conducted a follow-up of the population survey from 2012 Antisemitism in Norway? The Attitudes of the Norwegian Population towards Jews and Other Minorities (2012). Findings from the survey were published in December 2017. Download report (pdf).
In front, from left: Claudia Lenz, Cora Alexa Døving, Vibeke Moe, Kristine Bjørndal, Irene Levin.
Behind, from left: Werner Bergmann, Ottar Hellevik, Øivind Kopperud, Christhard Hoffmann.
About the project
The results of the 2012 survey showed significant social distance towards Muslims. The new survey therefore contains an expanded section on attitudes towards Muslims. The new project also includes a study on attitudes and experiences among the Jewish and Muslim minority. The minority survey covers the same subjects as the population survey, but explores relations between Muslims and Jews, as well as experiences that the minorities have with living in Norway. In addition to the quantitative survey, the minority study is conducted through group interviews with Jews and Muslims.
The survey is commissioned by the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion, Ministry of Justice and Public Security, Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, Ministry of Education and Research, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Project Group, consisting of national and international experts on antisemitism and quantitative research, will be the same as for the previous survey: Christhard Hoffmann (Project leader), Claudia Lenz, Cora Alexa Døving, Vibeke Moe (Coordinator), Irene Levin, Werner Bergmann, Ottar Hellevik and Øivind Kopperud.
Attitudes towards Jews and Muslims in Norway 2017 - in brief
This report follows up the survey entitled "Antisemitism in Norway? The attitudes of the Norwegian population to Jews and other minorities" (2012). Repeating the same survey five years later has made it possible to examine trends in attitudes over time. The new survey was expanded to include a section dealing with the population's attitudes towards Muslims and a separate survey of Jewish and Muslim attitudes and experiences. The minority survey also includes qualitative group interviews of Jews and Muslims. Data collection was undertaken by Kantar TNS between 11 January and 6 April 2017. The group interviews were conducted between May 2016 and May 2017.
We have grouped the main findings of the report into nine sections as follows:
• The Norwegian population's attitudes towards Jews
• The Norwegian population's attitudes towards Muslims
• Muslims' attitudes towards Jews
• Jews' attitudes towards Muslims
• Jews and Muslims in Norway: experiences of discrimination
• Antisemitism and Islamophobia as social issues
• The Holocaust
• Opinions on Israel and the Middle East conflict
The report also presents findings from qualitative group interviews of Jewish and Muslim informants conducted between May 2016 and May 2017.
Questions and answers:
- Why does the Center for Studies of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities (CHM) conduct surveys like these on attitudes towards minority Groups?
- Why does the CHM's survey distinguish between three different types (or dimensions) of attitudes?
- The extent of antisemitism in the Norwegian population between 2011 and 2017 has decreased. What are the possible reasons for this decrease?
- Why do Jews in Norway nonetheless regard antisemitism as a serious and escalating problem in society?
- How are attitudes towards Jews and Muslims related to opinions on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict?
- Who exhibits the most negative attitudes towards and Muslims?
- How widespread are antisemitism and Islamophobia in Norway compared with other European countries?
- How does the survey define antisemitism and Islamophobia?
- What does it mean to say that antisemitism and Islamophobia are phenomena with more similarities than differences?
- What are indices, and why were they used in the analyses in the survey?